Geological Survey

Title Due Date Maximum Award Amount Description
National Climate Adaptation Science Center Program (NCASC) $4,500,000.00

This Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO) seeks to identify applicant organizations that propose to host and, as applicable, serve as consortium partners for a U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Climate Adaptation Science Center (CASC) in the Midwest that includes the states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin, and to determine if their proposed science, partnership, and program support activities and strategies are appropriate. Once selected, the recipient will be established as Host Institution. As a Host, an institution will be the sole entity eligible to receive funding to conduct follow-on research/science projects anticipated as a part of this NOFO. Host Institutions may engage with other institutions, including by subaward, as part of these projects.
USGS Water Use Data and Research Program Announcement for Fiscal Year 2021 $125,000.00

The Water Availability and Use Science Program (WAUSP) of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is offering a two-year cooperative agreement opportunity to State water resource agencies that collect water-use data to participate in the Water Use Data and Research (WUDR) program. This funding opportunity is to support State Water Resource agencies in the collection and reporting of water-use data for the WUDR program, and to address the Department of Interior’s Secretarial Priorities.Legal authority for this opportunity is provided under Public Law 111-11, Subtitle F—SECURE Water: Section 9508 “National Water Availability and Use Assessment Program.” The USGS WUDR program will provide financial assistance, through cooperative agreements with State Water Resource agencies, to improve the availability, quality, compatibility, and delivery of water-use data that is collected and/or estimated by States. The Act requires that these State Water Resource agencies make water-use or availability datasets resulting from this funding opportunity available in a machine-readable open format that the USGS can integrate with appropriate datasets maintained by the USGS.The USGS National Water Use Science Project uses various scientific approaches to understand the Nation's water use. USGS has produced national estimates of the use of water since 1950, in five-year reports. These water-use estimates provide a historical and current account of how water is used for various water-use categories by applying statistical and scientific methods. This work is critical for a full understanding of the availability, quality, timing, and use of the water resources that are needed to meet the water demands of the Nation. The WUDR cooperative agreements provide financial assistance to State Agencies to assemble various water-use information. The water-use information is needed by all water managers and the general public to develop a complete understanding of how water is used for different categories of use (such as irrigation, or public supply). The WUDR program also supports the Department of the Interior’s Secretarial priorities by enabling water managers, primarily State Water Resource Agencies, to monitor current conditions, and be able to plan and avoid future water conflicts that may result from changes in the environment.The USGS National Water Use Science Project is operated in Water Science Centers located in all 50 States, Territories and District of Columbia. Water-use data are collected in each of these areas via collaboration with State and other Federal Agencies, Tribes, water authorities, county and local communities, corporations, academic and the private sector. The USGS builds relationships through data collection, collaborations on scientific studies, and interpretive reports via collaboration and communication between water-use scientists in USGS offices throughout the U.S. WUDR cooperative agreements address the Department of the Interior’s Secretarial Priorities to enhance the collection, availability, quality and distribution of important water-use data, as well as improve communication between the U.S. Department of the Interior and State natural resource offices and water authorities. Examples of projects that have been previously funded are available at the USGS Water-Use Data and Research Program.
Cooperative Agreement with Partner of the Californian Cooperative Ecosystems Studies Unit (CESU) Program $360,000.00

The Southwest Biological Science Center of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is offering a funding opportunity to one member of the Californian Cooperative Ecosystems Studies Unit (CESU) Program. The goal of this project is to promote continued cooperation between the USGS and a CESU Partner in order to support the development of integrated physical, biological and economic models to inform environmental managementnatural resources.
Cooperative Agreement issued with Partner of the Pacific Northwest Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Unit $49,500.00

The US Geological Survey, John Wesley Powell Center for Analysis and Synthesis, is offering a funding opportunity to evaluate how past, current, and future scenarios of global land-use change influence global rates and spatial patterns of biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) rates on Earth This analysis will fill in a gap in knowledge of the global spatial distribution of land-use effects on terrestrial BNF, and how this has changed over time. Work is expected to combine models developed that estimate global spatial BNF patterns using land-use and cover global map products available from 10,000 BCE to 2015 and make projections into the future up to 2100. This work will map how BNF rates and overall N inputs would prevail both in the absence of land use, and their change through time per grid cell as land use has intensified.
Cooperative Agreement for CESU-affiliated Partner with Californian Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Unit $50,000.00

The U.S. Geological Survey Western Ecological Research Center (USGS-WERC) is offering a funding opportunity to a CESU Partner of the Californian Cooperative Ecosystems Studies Unit (CESU) program in the continuing development and advancement of a wildlife immunology research program. Nearshore marine habitats worldwide are facing unprecedented challenges due to expanded commercial and industrial development, resource extraction and environmental changes, which all have the potential to significantly degrade coastal ecosystems and biological resources. Although nearshore areas in Alaska may have had fewer direct effects due to their remote nature and inaccessibility, they nevertheless are subject to impacts associated with a warming climate and potential effects of oil and gas development, tourism and harvest of marine resources. Alterations associated with increased temperatures and other stressors, have already been noted in Alaska marine waters, and continuing alterations, such as acidification, are anticipated. Commercial and industrial developments in the Alaska nearshore, including oil and gas extraction, are increasing, with the potential to contribute contaminants to the environment that can damage coastal resources. A primary lesson from the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill is that low levels of hydrocarbons persisting in the environment can have a long-lasting effect on survival of exposed species. In recent work, have found differences in gene transcription results between parks and among sites in Alaska, which indicate variation in both large-scale and local environmental conditions. Changing environmental conditions in coastal ecosystems necessitate methods to assess the health of intertidal communities and facilitate management decisions to sustain these resources. Gene transcription assays will be a valuable technique because they provide early evidence of changes in physiologic status. In the conclusions of our recently published paper, monitoring nearshore ecosystem health using Pacific razor clams (Siliqua patula) as an indicator species (Bowen et al. 2020, PeerJ) we determined that further development of gene transcription methods as well as controlled laboratory exposure studies would improve our capacity to monitor for early signs of physiological impacts in razor clams and their ecosystems due to changing environmental conditions. USGS-WERC is offering this opportunity to a CESU Partner having the capability to complete, and with demonstrated experience conducting and publishing results, transcriptomic analyses of the Pacific Razor Clam. Through this CESU agreement, the federal and state university partners will cooperate fully in development of a research program that will produce decision support tools and other products for use in nearshore marine ecosystem conservation strategies and management worldwide. The cooperation of the USGS and its CESU partner brings a combination of expertise to address this objective that is greater than that possessed by either partner on its own. Research Objectives This research has two distinct elements that will each result in a peer-reviewed publication and data release. All work will provide datasets that USGS and the CESU Partner will collaboratively use to produce peer-reviewed scientific publications. These publications and related products (e.g., data sets and models) will be used by agencies (e.g. USFWS, NPS, CA and AK state and local agencies, and NGOs) to inform their priorities, strategies, and objectives for the management of marine nearshore ecosystems. A final product will be a transcriptome panel that can be used to assess the health of nearshore marine ecosystems worldwide. Here is a brief description of each of the two work elements to be addressed in this research: 1) Alaska’s Pacific razor clams (Siliqua patula) are important for commercial and personal harvest, and as prey for marine animals. Currently, the largest commercial razor clam fishery in Alaska occurs in west Cook Inlet near Polly Creek and annual harvest averages approximately 300,000 pounds while recreational clam harvests provide a boost to local economies. The state’s largest sport and personal use Pacific razor clam fishery historically occurred along a 50-mile area of beach between the Kasilof and Anchor rivers on the east side of Cook Inlet, where almost one million clams per year were harvested from 1977-2006. However, between 2009 and 2012, the annual harvest was 54% below the long-term mean (1977-2008), indicating ECI was showing dramatic declines. These declines resulted in subsequent restrictions of ECI clamming in 2013 with full closure in 2015. Following this closure, razor clam numbers have not recovered to historical abundances. In contrast, the razor clam fisheries in WCI continue to support a commercial and personal use fishery over the same time frame. 2) One of the limitations of this study was the relatively small number (n=5) of genes included in the transcript panel. This stems from the fact that relatively little is known about the genetic makeup of Pacific razor clams in comparison with other commercially harvested invertebrate species (Bowen et al., 2020). Studies have been performed on the Chinese razor clam (Sinonovacula constricta) identifying genes responding to heavy metals, anthropogenic sound, and bacterial challenge, but no transcription-based studies of the Pacific razor clam were found in the literature prior to initiation of our work. In fact, GenBank®, the National Institutes of Health genetic sequence database, an annotated collection of all publicly available DNA sequences, contains only three genetic sequences for Pacific razor clams, all representing one gene. In addition, a relatively recent transcriptomic study of the Chinese razor clam, found only 9.9% of the 147,669 transcribed sequences had significant matches in GenBank. Nevertheless, the 5 genes used in our study have been shown to respond to stressors in other efforts, both of the Chinese razor clam and other bivalves. However, examination of additional genes or the entire Pacific razor clam transcriptome might reveal differences, consequently leading us to refine our conclusions.
Cooperative Agreement for CESU-affiliated Partner with Californian Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Unit $400,000.00

The USGS is offering a funding opportunity to a CESU partner for research topics in the potential and actual effects of environment stressors.This CESU will encompass science activities representing a wide variety of topics dealing with the potential and actual effects of environment stressors on species of concern. It will represent collaborative studies between USGS and the recipient for a series of individual projects that represent discreet entities which have unique objectives and anticipated products. Three projects will represent the initiation of the agreement. Future projects will be added by modification to the agreement.This funding opportunity is to establish a mechanism for cooperative scientific research, educational development, and technological collaboration to maximize contributions to scientific research and practical applications for solving environmental problems, benefiting local communities, school systems, governmental agencies and the general public in California and the western United States.Current university academic programs and facilities, under a cooperative agreement, will provide for joint research and consultation in scientific matters and participation by interested students and faculty involved in the following subjects:Fisheries and wildlife ecologyPlant ecologyUrban ecologyVertebrate taxonomyToxicologyPhysiology and biochemistryMethodologies for environmental chemistryEnvironmental educationResearch Objectives: PROJECT 1 Title:Wild Immunology: Polar Bears, Climate Change, and Oil ExplorationProject Goals: The overall goal of this project is to assess and monitor polar bear (Ursus maritimus) and arctic ecosystem health in the backdrop of climate change and increased oil exploration.Specific Objectives: Continue to develop diagnostic gene transcript panels using cutting edge molecular tools (i.e. tanscriptomics). Continue collection of polar bear blood (free-ranging and captive) for analysis. Apply gene transcript panels, as well as transcriptome technology, to specific questions relating to polar bear and arctic ecosystem health (e.g. nutritional state, contaminant effects on immune function). This project should continue for approximately 5 years. PROJECT 2 Title:Wild Immunology: Desert Tortoise Health Diagnostics in a Changing Desert EcosystemProject Goals: The overall goal of this project is to develop a gene transcript panel for desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) that will be useful in identifying physiologic perturbations within individuals and populations potentially affected by human disturbance, i.e., alternate energy development, military exercises, in the Mojave Desert environment. Specific Objectives: Determine if RNA can be successfully isolated from desert tortoise blood collected in PaxGene tubes (optimize extraction). Based on current state of knowledge of desert tortoise health issues, identify 20- 30 genes of interest best able to differentiate among different stress induced physiological changes. Isolate and sequence these genes in the desert tortoise. Develop realtime PCR systems for each gene of interest. Identify and obtain blood from captive desert tortoise samples for use as reference population. Run gene panel on 200-300 desert tortoise samples. Approximate duration of project: 5 yearsPROJECT 3 Title:Wild Immunology: Sea Otters, Climate Change, and Population HealthProject Goals: The overall goal of this project is to assess and monitor sea otters (Enhydra lutris) and nearshore ecosystem health in the backdrop of climate change and altered food web dynamics.Specific Objectives: Continue to develop diagnostic gene transcript panels using cutting edge molecular tools (i.e. transcriptomics). Continue collection of sea otter blood (free-ranging and captive) for analysis. Apply gene transcript panels, as well as transcriptome technology, to specific questions relating to sea otter and nearshore ecosystem health (e.g. nutritional state, contaminant effects on immune function). This project should continue for approximately 5 years.For the initial three projects, gene transcription contributes substantially to the understanding of the intrinsic health of individual organisms. Transcription examines the physiologic and metabolic effects of stressors on both aquatic and terrestrial organisms, which in turn can indicate overall population and subsequently ecosystem health. Stressors are physical (injury, temperature), chemical (organic xenobiotics), or biological (pathogens). The molecular response to stress is interpretable across diverse species ranging from mollusks to mammals that inhabit ecosystems from oceans to deserts. Gene transcription can simultaneously measure toxicological, pathological, and immunological responses to stressors and provide assessment of the general well-being of an organism and subsequently its population, as well as a reflection of the condition of its environment.This information in concert with health diagnoses, population demography and dynamics and environmental assessment can provide insight into an individual organism's likelihood for survival and population sustainability as well as an understanding of the effects of environmental impacts on populations In collaboration with the CESU Partner, USGS scientists are engaged in discovery of gene primers crucial to conducting transcription analyses. The transcription of key suites of genes representative of multiple stressors is being assessed in listed, high profile species such as (but not limited to) the sea otter (Enhydra lutris), Agassiz's desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) and sea turtles ( Cheloniodea), polar bear ( Ursus maritimus) and migratory birds as well as in important prey items such as the blue mussel; an important food web component and sentinel species.
Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Unit, Californian CESU $1,098,920.00

The US Geological Survey is offering a funding opportunity to a CESU partner for research in 1) machine learning (ML) applications for linking climatological outlooks/forecasts to quantitative projected estimates of crop yield and 2) developing `extended outlook¿ seasonal forecasts, starting from several months before the start of a season, and extending 18-24 months into the future.
Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Unit, Californian CESU $25,000.00

The US Geological Survey is offering a funding opportunity to a CESU partner for applying radiocarbon (14C) techniques to detect old carbon assimilation in nearshore marine ecosystems given the possibility that permafrost degradation and erosion may allow for old carbon delivery via freshwater discharge to Arctic marine environment. Climate warming is accelerating erosion and thawing of frozen ground (i.e., permafrost), leading to a myriad of changes in physical and chemical conditions throughout the Arctic with the potential to modify food webs.
Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Unit, Californian CESU $54,000.00

The Southwest Biological Science Center of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is offering a funding opportunity to one member of the Californian Cooperative Ecosystems Studies Unit (CESU) Program.The goal of this project is to promote continued cooperation between the USGS and a CESU partner in order to support applied decision methods research along the Colorado River in Arizona
Water Resources Research Aquatic Invasive Species Competitive Grants Program $250,000.00

Section 104g of the Water Resources Research Act of 1984 requires that this competitive grant program focus on water problems and issues of a regional or interstate nature beyond those of concern only to a single State and which relate to specific program priorities identified jointly by the Secretary of the Interior and the water resources research institutes